Dog food should meet the nutritional needs of your dog based on their age, size, and activity. Some dog formulas don’t meet the nutritional needs of puppies, so packaging should be read carefully to determine if it’s good for your puppy. Dogs with health issues might even have special dietary needs. It’s also important to be aware of your dog’s weight. Being overweight or underweight may lead to a variety of health problems, such as type 2 diabetes in dogs if overweight and weakened immune systems if underweight.
Human food often contains ingredients that could be unhealthy for dogs, even fatal. Onions and chocolate, to name a few, can make a dog especially sick. Xylitol, a sugar substitute, can even be fatal. Cooked bones also pose a physical hazard to dogs; they can puncture your dog’s intestines if eaten.
Just as important as food is water. Your dog should have constant access to fresh drinking water so that they can stay hydrated, cool, and healthy.